Preheat the oven to 325 degrees and line your baking sheets with parchment paper.
Add the butter and the brown sugar to the bowl of your stand mixer and beat on medium speed until the mixture is light and fluffy, around 2 minutes. Add the egg and vanilla and beat for another minute.
Add the flour, sprinkle on the baking soda, baking powder, and salt. Mix until combined. Add the oats and combine. The mixture will be a little tacky, but you should be able to roll it into a ball in your hands without making a total mess. If it is too sticky, add 1 tablespoon of flour at a time until the mixture can be handled.
Roll the dough into 1 to 1.5 inch balls, using your hands and place the balls on the prepared cookie sheet 2 inches apart.
Bake for 10 to 14 minutes until the edges begin to brown and the centers are set. Transfer to a wire rack and let them cool completely.